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What`s the matter?

18 Mar

Does it hurt when I press here?

Bila seseorang bertanya `What`s the matter with your foot?` `Kakimu kenapa?`  , bagaimanakah responnya dalam bahasa Inggris? How to respond it? Kita kadang bingung ketika mau menjawabnya ` kakiku sakit bila berdiri`  `It sakit  when I stand up.` ` Kakiku bengkak. Sakit rasanya.`  Nah, bagaimana mengungkapkan `rasa sakit` tersebut dalam bahasa Inggris? Di bawah ini ada beberapa ungkapan yang bisa kalian pelajari dan gunakan untuk mengungkapkan sakit tersebut.

 

Bacalah dialog berikut lebih dahulu! Perhatikan ungkapan-ungkapan yang tercetak tebal.

 

 

1.

Doctor             : What`s wrong with you today , Mrs Lie?

Mrs Lie            : I have got a headache. I have a sore throat and runny nose. I keep sneezing as well.

Doctor             : Let me see. Well, You`ve got the flue. Just dissolve this pill in water and drink it.

                             Keep in mind, to be taken three times daily, Okay?.

Mrs Lie            : Thank you doctor.

 

2.

Doctor             : Where does it hurt?

David               : Just about here ,Doctor. I`ve got a pain in my chest.

Doctor             : Your chest?

David               : Yes, that`s right. It hurts when I sleep at night.

Doctor             : Let me take a look. Does it hurt when I press here?

David               : a little.

 

Bagaimana cara mengungkapkanya?

Dalam dialog diatas Mrs. Lie mengatakan ` I have got a headache. I have a sore throat and runny nose.`

 

Ungkapan `I have got…` sama artinya dengan ungkapan `I have….` ` Aku terkena/ terserang ….`

 

Misalnya,

bila mau ngomong ` Aku terkena demam`, maka kalian bisa mengatakan ` I have got a fever`  atau ` I have a fever`;  `I have got a headache`  bisa juga dikatakan ` I have a headache`; `I have a sore throat` bisa juga dikatakan `I have got a sore throat`.

 

 

 Namun ` I have got… atau I have ….  bisa juga berarti ` Aku punya…`  

 

Misalnya,

`I have got blue eyes and an oval face.`  ` Mataku biru dan wajahku oval`

 

Bisa juga digunakan untuk maksud bertanya. `Have you got ……?`

 

e.g.

 ` Apakah kalian punya pembalut?`  `Have you got a bandage?`

 

Kalau mau ngomong ` Aku tidak punya….` dikatakan ` I haven`t got … `; atau `I don`t have ….`

 

e.g.

`Aku tidak punya gitar`  ` I haven`t got a guitar` ;

` Aku nggak punya uang` ` I haven`t got any money` ;

`Aku nggak punya binatang kesayangan` ` I haven`t got any pets`

 

 

 

Perhatikan cara-cara mengungkapkan `sakit` pada bagian tubuh tertertentu.

My ear hurts.

[Aku sakit telinga]

I have an earache

I have got an earache

My stomach hurts.

[Aku sakit perut]

I have a stomachache

I have got a stomachache

My tooth hurts.

[Gigiku sakit]

I have a toothache

I have got a toothache

My back hurts.

[Punggungku sakit]

I have a backache

I have got a backache

My head hurts.

[kepalaku sakit]

I have a headache

I have got a headache

 

I have

I have got

My throat hurts. [Tenggorokanku sakit]

I have a sore throat

I have got a sore throat

My hand hurts.

[Tanganku Sakit]

I have a sore hand

I have got a sore hand

My muscle hurts.

[Ototku sakit]

I have a sore muscle

I have got a sore muscle

My foot hurts.

[Kakiku sakit]

I have a sore foot

I have got a sore foot

My toe hurts.

[Ujung kakiku sakit]

I have a sore toe

I have got a sore toe

My eyes hurt.

[Mataku sakit ]

I have  sore eyes

I have got sore eyes

 

So, rasa sakit dibagian tubuh tertentu diungkapkan dengan ache  (V/N )  dan bagian yang lainya di ungkap dengan sore (Adj / N ).

 

Beberapa ungkapan rasa `sakit`dan  penyakit yang perlu kalian tahu.

Are you trembling?

Apa kamu  gemetar?

Does it hurt?

Ini sakit ya?

Have you got a temperature?

Badanmu panas?

I`m itching all over

Badanku gatal semua

I catch a cold

Aku pilek; masuk angin

I don`t feel very well

Aku merasa tidak enak badan

I fainted

Aku pingsan

I feel dizzy

Aku pusing

I feel ill

Aku merasa sakit

I feel much better now

Aku merasa jauh lebih baik sekarang

I feel sick to my stomach ; I throw up

Aku pingin muntah

I got hurt

Aku terluka

I have cut my finger

Jariku terluka

I have got a fever; I have a fever

Aku demam

I have got a runny nose

Hidungku ingusan; aku pilek

I have got appendicitis

Aku kena usus buntu

I have got eyestrain

Mataku sakit

I have got jaundice

Aku terkena sakit kuning

I have got measles

Aku kena campak

I have got pneumonia

Aku kena radang paru-paru

I have got tuberculosis

Aku kena TBC

I have hemorrhoids

Aku kena wasir

I have indigestion

Pencernaanku terganggu

I have lung cancer

Aku kena kanker paru-paru

I have small pox

Aku kena cacar

I keep vomiting

Aku muntah terus

I was injured

Aku terluka

I`m constipated

Aku susah berak (BAB)

I`m crippled

Aku cacat

I`m feverish

Aku agak demam

I`m paralyzed

Aku lumpuh

I`m under sedation

Aku terpengaruh obat penennang

I`ve broken my finger

Jariku patah

I`ve got diarrhea

Aku kena diare

I`ve got dislocated my shoulder

Bahuku dislokasi

I`ve got high blood pressure

Aku terkena tekanan darah tinggi

I`ve sprained my ankle

Pergelangan kakiku terkilir

It`s contagious.

Penyakit ini  menular

It`s highly contagious

Penyakit ini sangat menular

My arm is swollen

Lengan ku bengkak

My gums are sore

Gusiku sakit

My nose is bleeding

Hidungkan mimisan

My ribs are cracked

Rusukku retak

My stomach is out of order

Perutku sakit

This will hurt a little

Ini akan sakit sedikit

When I swallow, it hurts.

Sakit buat nelan

Where does it hurt?

Sakitnya dimana?

You hurt my feelings

Kamu nyakiti perasaanku

Kadang kita bingung dengan penggunaan kata ` hurt, pain, sick, ill, sore dan ache`.  Kita mungkin bertanya, dalam kontek kalimat yang bagaimana ,ya, kata-kata tersebut digunakan? Apakah kata-kata tersebut berbeda arti dan penggunaanya?  Silakan  pelajari dari beberapa contoh yang terambil dari Longman Dictionary,1978.  Semoga semakin menjadi jelas dan membantu.

 

Definisi menurut Longman Dictionary, 1978.

Hurt (V) 

[terluka; menyakiti; melukai; sakit]

Cause pain and/or damage (injury) to a part of the body.

 

e.g. 

-  My leg hurts. [Kakiku terluka]

 

-  your rude words hurt her feeling

[ kata-kata kasarmu menyakitiku]

 

-  My feelings were hurt when he didn`t ask me to the party.

[Perasaanku terluka ketika dia nggak ngajak aku ke pesta itu]

 

Hurt  (N)

Harm; damage, esp. to feelings

 

Pain  (N)

Suffering; great discomfort of the body or mind.

 

e.g.

- The boy was in pain after he broke his arm.

[Anak itu kesakitan setelah patah lengannya]

 

Pain ( V)  

[menyakitkan; menyedihkan]

To cause to feel pain in the mind; hurt

 

e.g.

- It pains me to say so.

[sedih perasaanku mengatakan begitu]

 

Painful (adj)  

[pedih; menyakitkan, menyiksa hati]

Causing pain

 

e.g.

- He had a painful cut on his thumb.

- It was painful to see her boyfriend have an affair.

 

Sick  (Adj)  

[ sakit; mual; muak; bosan

Not well; ill; having a disease

[sakit; sakit disebabkan penyakit]

 

e.g.

- You look sick.

[Kamu tampaknya sakit]

 

 

Upset in the stomach so as to want to throw up what is in it (vomit) [muntah; mual]

e.g.

- He began to feel sick as soon as the ship started to move.

[Dia mulai merasa mual segera setelah kapal berangkat]

 

 

Strongly displeasing to someone

[kesal; muak; jemu;bosan]

 

e.g.

- Your complaining makes me sick! Why don`t you be quiet?

 

- I am sick of you;     why don`t you

             go away?

[keluhanmu membuatku kesal! Kenapa kamu nggak diam saja!]

 

[Saya muak sama kamu; kenapa kamu nggak pergi saja?]

 

ill  (adj)

Not well in health

[sakit]

 

e.g

- She`s ill, so she can`t come.

 

ill  (adv)

Badly, cruelly or unpleasantly

[jelek; buruk; keliru; kasar]

 

e.g.

- The child has been ill treated

[anak itu ter aniaya]

 

 

Sore  (adj)

Painful or aching from a wound, infection or (of muscles) hard use

 

e.g.

- I have got a sore throat from a cold.

[Tenggorokanku sakit disebabkan flu]

 

- My eyes are sore.

[mataku sakit]

 

Sore (N)

A painful usually infected place on the body

Ache  (V)

To have or suffer a continuous dull pain

 

e.g.

- after that work I ache all over.

[setelah bekerja aku merasa pegal seluruh badan ku]

 

Ache (N)

A continuous pain

[Sakit yang berkelanjutan]

 

e.g.

- I `ve got a headache

- Do you have a toothache?

 

 

Untuk menguji daya ingat kalian tentang ungkapan sakit penyakit, go to  http://inggrisonline.net/soal/    atau Klik   COBA TEST ONLINE di pojok kanan atas dan cari tema latihan soal `What`s the matter?`

 

 

Selamat Belajar! Good Luck!

 

 

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