UN 2014 (1) Pembahasan

08 Mar

Sebelum mempelajari Pembahasan dan kunci Jawaban soal UN 2014 bagian pertama berikut ini, pastikan terlebih dahulu kalian sudah mencoba berlatih mengerjakan soal-soal Un 2014  (1) yang terdapat pada


Text 1   

1.       The letter tells us about ….



Fasilitas yang dijanjikan tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan dilapangan.`Your agency claimed we would be picked up at the airport and that the hotel was three-star quality. The all-inclusive price we paid included breakfast and dinner and two excursions.` 

Faktanya ` On arrival at the airport, there was no one to meet us ; The hotel was not what I would consider three-stars`


Pak Imron akhirnya menyatakan complainya:


` I found it dishonest and unacceptable that your company offered us a tour which doesn’t resemble the description; I expect to be compensated for all of my extra expenses.`


Jadi surat itu tentang keluahan/ complain



Jawaban Benar: D



2.      Who did Mr. Imron write his letter to? Kepada siapa Mr Imron menulis suratnya?



Surat aduan/complain tersebut ditujukan pada Agen Perjalanan `Travel Agency`. Hal itu terdapat pada paragraph 1


Jawaban Benar: D




Text 2

3.      What is this advertisement about?



Iklan ini tentang penyewaan. Coba perhatikan ` For leasing information call 303-572-5947` Untuk informasi penyewaan telpon saja di 303-572-5947 


Jawaban Benar: B



4.      The good point about the office suits is ….



Kenyamanan /fasilitas yang akan diperoleh penyewa (the good point ) dijelaskan dalam kalimat ` Commuting is easy, with the subway stop only one block away. lt’s convenient to shops, restaurants, hotels, and business services.`



Jawaban Benar: E




Text 3

5.      What is the text about?



Teks wacana di atas tentang bagaimana meningkatkan kesadaran akan masalah lingkungan. Hal itu bisa kalian ketahui dari paragraph 1. 


Jawaban Benar: E


Kalau kalian membutuhkan penjelasan lebih lanjut tentang tip-tip mengerjakan Reading Comprehension, KLIK saja




6.      What did the students do in the flash mob?


Yang dilakukan para mahasiswa pada acara Flash mob antara lain yakni : –         teaching  the onlookers about the need to reduce the usage of plastic bottles by using tumblers.


–         promoting environmental awareness.


–         providing information about recyclable products that are of value



So,  Jawaban Benar: E




7. “… they need to reduce the usage of plastic bottles by using tumblers.” (Paragraph2).

The underlined word can be best replaced by . . ..



A. melarang

B. menghapus/meniadakan

C. menghilangkan/ memindahkan

D. memperpendek

E. mengurangi/ meminimalkan



Jawaban Benar: E



Text 4

8. What was Ronaldo action for MU in year 2004?



Lihat pada paragraph 1` In the 2004 FA Cup Final, he scored Manchester’s first three goals and helped them capture the championship.`


Jawaban Benar: C



9.      We can learn from paragraph 2 that …

Dari paragraph 2 terlihat Ronaldo sebagai seorang yang berbakat ` By the time he was 10 years old, he was already recognized as a phenomenon – a kid who ate, slept and drank the game. “All he wanted to do as a boy was playing football`  



Jawaban Benar: A




10. “After a stint with Nacional da liha da Madeira, he signed with Sporting Portugal in 2001.” (Paragraph 3)

The underlined word can be replaced by ….

  1. ambil bagian
  2. mengikuti
  3. bergabung
  4. menulis
  5. pergi



Jawaban Benar: C




Text 5

11.   What is the text about?



Simpulkan  supporting sentence pada kalimat pertama paragraph 2 dan 3“To make or manufacture Biodiesel, you must first start with raw materials  (p. 2)dan


 The process for converting vegetable oil into Biodiesel is sometimes called ester interchange (p.3)



Jawaban Benar : A



12.  What are interchanged in the process of ester interchange?

A. The three fatty acids with the glyserin molecules.

B. The glyserin molecule with three methanol molecules.

C. Methanol with the tree fatty acids.

D. Vegetable oil with methanol.

E. Methanol and alkalin catalyst.



Pahami kalimat berikut ini “The goal of ester interchange is to separate the glycerin molecule from the three fatty acids and replace it with three methanol molecules”  (Paragraph 3 )



Jawaban Benar : B



13.   According to the text, one of the advantages in using biodiesel is ….

A. it is cheap

B. it only uses vegetable oil

C. it uses replaceable materials

D. it can be done in small industry

E. it gives less pollution than petroleum



Salah satu keuntungan menggunakan biodesel yakni bahan bakunya replaceable (dapat diganti)  “One of the most common vegetables used in the production of Biodiesel is corn, although depending on the geographic location of the manufacturing facility many other plants are used as well (rapeseed, soybeans, flaxseed, etc.). (Paragraph 2) 



Jawaban Benar : C



14. The process for converting vegetable oil …”(Paragraph 3)

The underlined word is closest in meaning to . ..

A. producing

B. separating

C. attaching

D. processing

E. changing



A. producing           : menghasilkan

B. separating           : memisahkan

C. attaching             : membubuhkan/melampirkan/melekat

D. processing          : memproses

E. changing             : mengganti/ mengubah


Jawaban Benar: E



Text 6

15.   What is the topic of the text?



Topik bacaan diatas dapat diketahui dari paragraph pertama. Dan minimal bacalah kalimat pertama setiap paragraph  yang ada dalam bacaan tersebut. Kemuudian simpulkan.


Jawaban Benar: D



16.  The brain should exercise in order to . . .



Otak harus dilatih agar ` …  exercise is good for our bodies as well as for our brain. Just like any other muscle, the brain can get in shape, be strengthened and developed in use. 



Jawaban Benar: B



17.   What is the main idea of paragraph 4?



Pokok Pikiran paragraph 4. Amatilah kalimat pertama paragraph 4 dan simpulkan.Main Idea biasanya dapat disimpulkan dari kalimat awal paragraph.


Jawaban Benar: D




Text  7


18.  One of the good qualities of the work is .



Jawaban dapat disimpulkan dari paragraph 4 kalimat pertama.  “I think it’s the best space photography ever done. 


Jawaban Benar: C



19.  Who directs the final expedition?



Bio-medical engineer Dr. Ryan Stone is a Mission Specialist on her first space shuttle mission, STS- 157, accompanied by veteran astronaut Matt Kowalski, who iscommanding his final expedition. … yang memimpin… (paragraph 4).


Jawaban Benar: C





Text  8

20. The Chronicle of Narnia is a … book.



The Chronicle of Narnia adalah buku fiksi  yang di filmkan. `Narnia is a magical world, with fauns ,talking animals and centaurs and a white witch holding the whole of the realm under her dictatorship.` 



Jawaban Benar: A



21. “…young boy Edmund into betraying his siblings and ….” (Paragraph 3)

The synonym  of the underlined word is….


Siblings : Saudara Kandung  



Jawaban Benar: A




Text  9


22. Homeschooling is considered better in offering more affective welfare to children as ….


Dalam paragraph 1 dinyatakan ` homeschooling offers a great deal of educational freedom. While the basics are certainly covered for all homeschool students, the students have a great deal of freedom over what they specifically learn and when.` 

Mereka punya kebebasan, mau belajar apa dan kapan saat yang tepat menurut mereka untuk mempelajari sesuatu.



Jawaban Benar: C



Text 10

23. From the text, we know that ….



Menurut paragraph 3` Hence the members of a study group have to set aside other activities to study together.

Jadi para anggota kelompok belajar harus bisa mengatur dan bisa jadi mengorbankan kegiatanya yang lain agar bisa mengikuti belajar bersama.



Jawaban Benar: E



24.  The disadvantage of study group is the part of compelling the students to attend

(Paragraph 3)

The underlined word is closest in meaning to


 A.     influencing      :  mempengaruhi

B.     suggesting      :  menyarankan

C.     forcing            : memaksa

D.    inviting          :  mengundang

E.     persuading   : membujuk



Jawaban Benar: C



Text 11

25.  What is the topic of the text?



Cara menentukan topic bacaan yakni :

–         bacalah kalimat pertama atau bila perlu sampai kalimat kedua paragraphnya.

–         Kemudian baca juga kalimat terakhir dari paragraph tersebut dan simpulkan.


Dari 2 atau 3 kalimat itu kalian akan mendapat gambaran tentang apa sebenarnya topic pembicaraan bacaan.


Jawaban Benar: A





Text 12

26. It can be concluded that ….



Untuk mendapatkan kesimpulan yang benar, coba perhatikan kalimat-kalimat berikut sebagai dasar kalian menyimpulkan. 

–         A group, perhaps two dozen birds, will gather in a curved are some distance offshore. The birds then begin to move forwards towards the shore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them.

–         When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, the formation breaks up as each bird dips it’s bill into the water to scoop up it’s meal.



Jawaban Benar: E




27. ” …, beating the water furiously with their wings, …” (Paragraph 1)

The underlined word is closest in meaning to ….


  1. repeating   : mengulangi
  2. hitting        : memukul-mukul
  3. mixing        : mencampur
  4. stirring       : mengaduk
  5. meaning     : memaknai



Jawaban Benar: B



Text 13

28. What is Ana Iswanti, Inc?


Ana Iswanti, Inc  merupakan `  A wholesale and retail shop`  sebuah toko eceran dan grosir


.Jawaban Benar: D




29. unusual and sympathetic”

The underlined word is closest in meaning to . . ..



A. strange    : asing / aneh

B. bizarre     : aneh

C. unique     : unik

D. familiar   : dikenal/ akrab

E. expensive:  mahal



Jawaban Benar: C



30. Arrange the sentences below into the correct and meaningful paragraph


1. But no matter how hard it tried, it could not manage to pick them.

2. A generous monkey noticed this, and threw him down a bunch

3. But the wife turned the crocodile against the monkey: ‘If that monkey lives on

bananas, then its liver must be big and sweet,’ she said

4. The crocodile ate its fill and also left some of the bananas for its wife

5. A crocodile was trying to pick the bananas which grew on a palm trees near its pool



Which of the following arrangements is correct?

Jawaban Benar : B


 Text   14


Gak seperti moluska yang lainnya, seperti kerang atau kijing dan tiram,gurita dan cumi-cumi tidak punya kerang yang keras untuk melindungi dirinya. 

  1. Skin    :  kulit
  2. scales  :  sisik
  3. seals    :  segel/ anjing laut
  4. shells   : kerang /cangkang
  5. skull     : tengkorak


Jawaban Benar: D




Seekor gurita punya 2 mata besar hingga memiliki penglihatan yang sangat baik.

  1. Eyes        : Mata
  2. bones      : Tulang
  3. fingers     :  Jari-jari
  4. thumbs    :  Ibu jari
  5. shoulders : Pundak



Jawaban Benar : A



33. …


33. the ink cloud ……(33)…..the attackers and the octopus jets away. `the ink cloud`   merupakan subject   atau  pokok kalima. Pronoun/ kata ganti subject yakni `it`.  Setelah `it` membutuhkan kata kerja +S  (confuses )  . Ingat!  Report teks dilaporkan dengan menggunakan Simple Present Tense. So,….  

A. confuses   

B. confusing  

C. confused
D. to confuse
E. confuse 


Jawaban Benar: A






Gurita juga mampu berubah warna dengan cepat bila dalam bahaya. 

  1. complain           : Mengeluh
  2. wonder             : Bertanya-tanya/Ingin tahu
  3. deliver              : Mengirim
  4. change             : Berubah
  5. breathe            : Bernafas



Jawaban Benar: D




35.                        .

Octopus can also  change color rapidly when they are in danger. Theychange color to fit in with their surroundings. This helps …(35)…to hide from the prey.Hal ini membantunya  (octopus) untuk sembunyi dari pemangsa. 

Jawaban Benar :  B





Selamat Berlatih!           Good luck!


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