RSS
 

List of Commonly Used Regular & Irregular Verbs Forms

01 Jul

Kata kerja merupakan unsur yang penting dalam membentuk kalimat. Berikut ini beberapa penggunaan bentuk-bentuk kata kerja:

-          Untuk mengungkapkan aktivitas yang berhubungan dengan  rutinitas sehari-hari , digunakan bentuk kata kerja present tense (Verb-1) ;  

-           untuk mengungkapkan aktivitas yang berhubungan dengan  masa lalu ,digunakan kata kerja past tense (Verb-2);

-          untuk mengungkapkan aktivitas yang telah /sudah dilakukan ,digunakan bentuk kata kerja past participle (Verb-3) ;

-          sedangkan untuk mengungkapkan aktivitas yang berhubungan dengan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung saat ini digunakan bentuk  present participle (Verb-ing).

 

Dalam bahasa Inggris  kita mengenal bentuk-bentuk kata kerja teratur (regular verbs)  yakni kata kerja yang bila digunakan dalam bentuk past tense  hanya  ditambah kan–ED pada kata kerja dasarnya. Sedangkan kata kerja yang tergolong tidak teratur (irregular verbs) akan mengalami perubahan  bentuk kata  yang tidak beraturan bila  dipakai dalam bentuk past tense. Perhatikanlah perubahan-perubahan bentuk yang terjadi pada kata kerja – kata kerja berikut:

 

 

 

            LIST OF COMMONLY USED REGULAR    &     IRREGULAR VERBS FORMS

 

VERB-I

Present

Tense

VERB-2

      Past

 Tense                  

 

 

VERB-3

Past

Participle  

 

VERB-Ing           

Present

participle

 

 

     MEANING

 

Accept accepted accepted accepting menerima
Acknowledge acknowledged acknowledged acknowledging mengakui
Act acted acted acting bertindak
Add added added adding menambah/  menjumlah
Adapt adapted adapted adapting menyesuaikan diri
Adjust adjusted adjusted adjusting menyetel/ menyesuaikan diri
Admire admired admired admiring mengagumi
Admit admitted admitted admitting mengakui
Advice advised advised advising menasehati
Affect affected affected affecting mempengaruhi
Agree agreed agreed agreeing menyetujui
Allow allowed allowed allowing memperbolehkan
Announce announced announced announcing mengumumkan
Answer answered answered answering menjawab
Appear appeared appeared appearing tampak/ muncul
Apply applied applied applying menerapkan /  melamar
Appreciate appreciated appreciated appreciating menghargai
Approach approached approached approaching mendekati
Approve approved approved approving menyetujui/ mengakui
Arise arose arisen arising bangkit
Arrange arranged arranged arranging mengatur
Arrive arrived arrived arriving tiba /sampai
Ask asked asked asking bertanya/meminta
Assist assisted assisted assisting membantu
Assume assumed assumed assuming menduga / menganggab
Attack attacked attacked attacking menyerang
Attend attended attended attending menghadiri
Avoid avoided avoided avoiding menghindari
Awake awoke awoken awaking bangun
Bear bore borne bearing menanggung / melahirkan
Beat beat beaten beating memukul
Become became become becoming menjadi
Beg begged begged begging meminta/ mengemis
Begin began begun beginning mulai
Believe believed believed believing percaya
Belong belonged belonged belonging termasuk / milik
Bend bent bent bending membengkokkan
Bind bound bound binding mengikat / membalut/  menjilid
Bet bet bet betting bertaruh
Bite bit bitten biting menggigit
Blame blamed blamed blaming menyalahkan
Bleed bled bled bleeding berdarah
Bless blessed/blest blessed/blest blessing memberkati / merestui
Blow blew blown blowing meniup
Boil boiled boiled boiling merebus
Borrow borrowed borrowed borrowing pinjam
Bother bothered bothered bothering mengganggu/ repot-repot/ jadi pikiran
Breed bred bred breeding membiakkan  / menternakkan
Bribe bribed bribed bribing menyuap / menyogok
Bring brought brought bringing membawa
Break broke broken breaking patah/pecah / rusak
Broadcast broadcast broadcast broadcasting menyiarkan
Brush brushed brushed brushing menyikat
Build built built building membangun
Bury buried buried burying mengubur
Burn burnt/burned burnt/burned burning membakar
Burst burst burst bursting meledak/ mendadak -masuk
Buy bought bought buying membeli
Call called called calling memanggil/ menelpon
Cancel canceled canceled cancelling membatalkan
Care cared cared caring memperdulikan/  mengurus
Carry carried carried carrying membawa
Cast cast cast casting melempar/ membuang
Catch caught caught catching menangkap
Cause caused caused causing menyebabkan
Celebrate celebrated celebrated celebrating merayakan
Change changed changed changing mengubah /mengganti
Charge charged charged charging meminta biaya/ mengisi
Choose chose chosen choosing memilih
Clean cleaned cleaned cleaning membersihkan
Climb climbed climbed climbing memanjat
Close closed closed closing menutup
Collect collected collected collecting mengumpulkan
Come came come coming datang
Complain complained complained complaining mengeluh
Complete completed completed completing melengkapi
Concentrate concentrated concentrated concentrating memusatkan
Consider considered considered considering mempertimbangkan
Consult consulted consulted consulting berkonsultasi
Continue continued continued continuing melanjutkan
Cook cooked cooked cooking memasak
Conclude concluded concluded concluding menyimpulkan
Conduct conducted conducted conducting memimpin / mengadakan
Connect connected connected connecting menghubungkan
Copy copied copied copying menyalin
Correct corrected corrected correcting membetulkan/ memeriksa
Cost cost cost harga/ ongkos pembiayaan/  meminta (korban)
Count counted counted counting menghitung
Cover covered covered covering menutupi /mencakup
Crack cracked cracked cracking pecah / retak
Crash crashed  crashed crashing bertabrakan/ hancur
Crawl crawled crawled crawling merayap
Creep crept crept creeping merangkak
Cross crossed crossed crossing menyeberang
Crush crushed crushed crushing menghancurkan/meremukkan
Cry cried cried crying menangis/ berteriak
Cultivate cultivated cultivated cultivating mengolah tanah
Cure cured cured curing menyembuhkan
Cut cut cut cutting memotong
Dance danced danced dancing berdansa
Dare dared dared daring berani
Deal dealt dealt dealing berurusan / menghadapi
Delay delayed delayed delaying menunda
Depart departed departed departing berangkat
Depend depended depended depending tergantung
Destroy destroyed destroyed destroying menghancurkan
Decide decided decided deciding memutuskan
Develop developed developed developing mengembangkan
Dial dialed dialed dialing memutar  nomor tlp
Die died died dying meninggal
Dig dug dug digging menggali
Disconnect disconnected disconnected disconnecting memutus hubungan
Discover discovered discovered discovering menemukan
Discuss discussed discussed discussing mendiskusikan
Dispute disputed disputed disputing berselisih
Disturb disturbed disturbed disturbing mengganggu
Dive dived/dove dived/dove diving menyelam/terjun
Divide divided divided dividing membagi
Do did done doing mengerjakan
Draw drew drawn drawing menggambar
Dream dreamt dreamt dreaming mimpi
Dress dressed dressed berpakaian
Drink drank drunken drinking minum
Drive drove driven driving mengendarai
Drop dropped dropped dropping menjatuhkan
Dry dried dried drying mengeringkan
Dwell dwelt/dwelled dwelt/dwelled dwelling mendiami / menghuni
End ended ended ending berakhir
Earn earned earned earning mendapatkan
Eat ate eaten eating makan
Employ employed employed employing mempekerjakan
Enable enabled enabled enabling memungkinkan
Enclose enclosed enclosed enclosing melampirkan
Encourage encouraged encouraged encouraging memotivasi
End ended ended ending mengakhiri
Enhance enhanced enhanced enhancing meningkatkan
Enjoy enjoyed enjoyed enjoying menyukai
Enroll enrolled enrolled enrolling mendaftarkan
Enter entered entered entering memasuki
Entertain entertained entertained entertaining menghibur
Escape escaped escaped escaping melarikan diri/ luput dari
Establish established established establishing mendirikan
Estimate estimated estimated estimating memperkirakan
Evaluate evaluated evaluated evaluating menilai/ mengevaluasi
Examine examined examined examining memeriksa/ menguji
Exchange exchanged exchanged exchanging menukar
Expect expected expected expecting mengharapkan
Experience experienced experienced mengalami
Explain explained explained explaining menjelaskan
Express expressed expressed expressing mengungkapkan
Fail failed failed failing gagal
Fasten fastened fastened mengikatkan
Fall fell fallen falling jatuh
Feed fed fed feeding memberi makan
Feel felt felt feeling merasakan
Fight fought fought fighting berkelahi
Fill filled filled filling mengisi
Find found found finding menemukan
Finish finished finished finishing menyelesaikan
Fire fired fired firing menembak / memecat
Fit Fit/ fitted Fit/ fitted fitting cocok/ memasang
Fix fixed fixed fixing memperbaiki
Flee fled fled melarikan diri
Fly flew flown flying menerbangkan
Follow followed followed following mengikuti
Forbid forbade forbidden forbidding melarang
Force forced forced forcing memaksa
Forget forgot forgotten forgetting lupa
Forgive forgave forgiven forgiving memaafkan
Forsake forsook forsaken forsaking mengabaikan / meninggalkan
Foresee foresaw foreseen foreseeing meramalkan
Foretell foretold foretold foretelling meramalkan
Found founded founded founding mendirikan
Freeze froze frozen freezing membeku
Fulfill fulfilled fulfilled fulfilling memenuhi
Gain gained gained gaining memperoleh
Gather gathered gathered gathering mengumpulkan
Get got/ gotten got/ gotten getting mendapatkan
Give gave given giving memberi
Go went gone going pergi
Graduate graduated graduated graduating tamat sekolah
Grind ground ground grinding menggiling
Grow grew grown growing tumbuh
Guard guarded guarded guarding menjaga/ melindungi
Guess guessed guessed guessing menerka
Hand handed handed handing menyerahkan
Handle handled handled handling menangani
Hang hung hung hanging menggantung
Hang hanged hanged hanging menggantung diri
Happen happened happened happening terjadi
Hate hated hated hating membenci
Have had had having memiliki
Heal healed healed healing menyembuhkan
Hear heard heard hearing mendengarkan
Help helped helped helping menolong
Hesitate hesitated hesitated hesitating ragu-ragu
Hitchhike hitchhiked hitchhiked hitchhiking membonceng
Hide hid hidden hiding bersembunyi
Hire hired hired hiring menyewa/ meng-upahi
Hit hit hit hitting menabrak / membentur
Hold held held holding memegang/ mengadakan
Hope hoped hoped hoping mengharapkan
Hurt hurt hurt hurting melukai / menyakiti
Imagine imagined imagined membayangkan
Improve improved improved improving memperbaiki
Include included included including termasuk/ meliputi
Increase increased increased increasing meningkatkan
Influence influenced influenced influencing mempengaruhi
Insert inserted inserted inserting menyisipkan
Install installed installed installing memasang
Intend intended intended intending bermaksud
Introduce introduced introduced introducing mengenalkan
Investigate investigated investigated investigating menyelidiki / mengusut
Invite invited invited inviting mengundang
Join joined joined joining ikut gabung
Judge judged judged judging menilai
Jump jumped jumped jumping melompat
Keep kept kept keeping menjaga
Kick kicked kicked kicking menendang
Kill killed killed killing membunuh
Kiss kissed kissed kissing mencium
Kneel knelt knelt kneeling berlutut/ bersujud
Knit knitted/knit knitted/knit knitting merajut /bersatu lagi
Knock knocked knocked knocking mengetuk
Know knew known knowing mengetahui
Lay laid laid laying menaruh / meletakkan
Lead led led leading memimpin / mengarah
Lean leant/leaned leant/leaned leaning miring / condong
Leap leaped/leapt leaped/leapt melompat
Learn learnt learnt learning mempelajari
Leave left left leaving meninggalkan/  berangkat
Lend lent lent lending meminjami
Let let let letting membiarkan
Lie lay lain lying berbaring
Lie lied lied lying berbohong
Lift lifted lifted lifting mengangkat
Light Lit / lighted Lit  / lighted Lighting menyalakan / menerangi
Like liked liked suka
List listed listed listing mendaftar
Listen listened listened listening mendengarkan
Live lived lived living tinggal
Load loaded loaded loading memuat
Lock locked locked locking mengunci
Look looked looked looking melihat
Look for looked for looked for looking for mencari
Lose(luwz) lost lost losing kalah
Love loved loved loving mencintai
Make made made making membuat
Manage managed managed managing mengendalikan
Mark marked marked marking menandai
Marry married married menikah
Master mastered mastered mastering menguasahi
Mean meant meant meaning maksud/arti
Measure measured measured measuring mengukur
Meet met met meeting bertemu
Mention mentioned mentioned mentioning menyebutkan
Miss missed missed missing rindu / luput dari/ salah menanggapi
Mislead misled misled misleading menyesatkan
Misspell misspelt/  misspelled misspelt/ misspelled misspelling salah – eja
Mistake mistook mistaken mistaking kesalahan/ keliru  /  salah mengira
Misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood misunderstanding salah paham
Mix mixed mixed mixing mencampur
Mobilize mobilized mobilized mobilizing mengerahkan
Move moved moved moving memindah / menggerakkan
Mow mowed mown mowing menyiangi / memotong rumput
Name named named naming memberi nama / menyebutkan
Navigate navigated navigated navigating mengemudikan
Need needed needed membutuhkan
Neglect neglected neglected neglecting mengabaikan/melalaikan
Obey obeyed obeyed obeying mematuhi
Obtain obtained obtained obtaining mendapat/ memperoleh
occupy occupied occupied occupying mendiami/ menduduki
Occur occurred occurred occurring terjadi
Offend offended offended offending menyakiti/ melukai hati
Offer offered offered offering menawarkan
Organize organized organized organizing mengatur
Open opened opened opening membuka
Operate operated operated operating menjalankan /mengoperasi
Order ordered ordered ordering memesan/memerintahkan
Overcome overcame overcome overcoming mengatasi
Overtake Overtook overtaken overtaking menyusul
Owe owed owed owing berhutang
Own owned owned memiliki
Paint painted painted painting mengecat
Pass passed passed passing melewati
Pass away passed away passed away meninggal
Pay paid paid paying membayar
Perform performed performed performing menjalankan /memainkan /menyelenggarakan
Permit permitted permitted permitting mengizinkan
Persuade persuaded persuaded persuading membujuk
Pick picked picked picking memetik/ memilih
Place placed placed placing menempatkan
Plan planned planned planning merencanakan
Play played played playing bermain
Please pleased pleased pleasing menyenangkan
Point pointed pointed pointing menununjuk
Postpone postponed postponed postponing menunda
Practice practiced practiced practicing mempraktikkan
Prefer preferred preferred lebih menyukai
Prepare prepared prepared preparing menyiapkan
Prescribe prescribed prescribed prescribing menuliskan resep
Press pressed pressed pressing menekan
Present presented presented presenting menyajikan
Print printed printed printing mencetak
Proceed proceeded proceeded proceeding meneruskan
Progress progressed progressed progressing maju/ berkembang
Promise promised promised promising berjanji
Propose proposed proposed proposing mengusulkan/ melamar
Protect protected protected protecting melindungi
Prove proved proved proving membuktikan
Provide provided provided providing menyediakan
Pull pulled pulled pulling menarik
Pump pumped pumped pumping memompa
Punch punched punched punching meninju
Punish punished punished punishing menghukum
Purchase purchased purchased purchasing membeli
Purify purified purified purifying membersihkan/ menyucikan (sucikan )
Pursue pursued pursued pursuing mengejar
Push pushed pushed pushing mendorong
Put put put putting meletakkan
Quarrel quarreled quarreled quarreling bertengkar
Question questioned questioned questioning menanyai / menyangsikan
Quit quit quit berhenti
Quote quoted quoted quoting mengutip
Raise raised raised raising mengangkat /membesarkan
Reach reached reached reaching mencapai/ menjangkau
Read read read reading membaca
Realize realized realized realizing menyadari
Rebel rebelled rebelled rebelling memberontak
Recall recalled recalled recalling mengingat
Receive received received receiving menerima
Recognize recognized recognized recognizing mengenal/ mengakui
Recommend recommended recommended menganjurkan
Record recorded recorded recording mencatat / merekam
Recover recovered recovered recovering sembuh/pulih
Reduce reduced reduced reducing mengurangi
Refer referred referred referring mengacu/ berkenaan
Reflect reflected reflected reflecting mencerminkan
Refuse refused refused refusing menolak
Register registered registered registering mendaftarkan
Regulate regulated regulated regulating mengatur
Reject rejected rejected rejecting menolak
Relate related related relatin berhubungan dgn/berkenaan dengan
Release released released releasing melepasan/ mengeluarkan
Remember remembered remembered remembering mengingat
Remind reminded reminded reminding mengingatkan
Remove removed removed removing melepaskan/ menghilangkan
Rent rented rented renting menyewa
Repair repaired repaired repairing memperbaiki
Repay repaid repaid repaying membayar kembali/ membalas budi
Repeat repeated repeated repeating mengulang
Replace replaced replaced replacing mengganti
Reply replied replied replying menjawab
Report reported reported reporting melaporkan
Represent represented represented representing mewakili / melambangkan
Request requested requested requesting meminta
Require required required requiring membutuhkan
Resign resigned resigned resigning mengundurkan diri
Resist resisted resisted resisting menolak / melawan
Respect respected respected menghormati
Respond responded responded responding menanggapi / menjawab
Restrict restricted restricted membatasi
Result resulted resulted menghasilkan / mengakibatkan
Retell retold retold retelling menceritakan lagi
Retire retired retired retiring undur diri/ pensiun
Return returned returned returning mengembalikan/ membalas
Reveal revealed revealed revealing menyingkap/ membuka
Revenge ( on) revenged revenged membalas dendam
Review reviewed reviewed reviewing mempelajari -kembali
Revise revised revised revising meninjau kembali
Revive revived revived reviving menghidupkan lagi
Revolve revolved revolved revolving beredar mengelilingi
Ride rode ridden riding mengendarai
Ring rang rung ringing membunyikan/ menelpon
Rise rose risen rising bangun /bangkit / naik/terbit
Roll rolled rolled rolling menggulung / menggelinding
Rot rotted rotted rotting membusuk
Rotate rotated rotated rotating berputar
Rub rubbed rubbed rubbing menggosok
Ruin ruined ruined hancur/rusak
Rule ruled ruled ruling memerintah
Run ran run running berlari
Rush rushed rushed rushing buru-buru/ bergegas
Rust rusted rusted berkarat
Sail sailed sailed sailing berlayar
Satisfy satisfied satisfied satisfying memuaskan
Save saved saved saving menyelamatkan / hemat/ menabung
Saw sawed Sawed/ sawn sawing menggergaji
Say said said saying mengatakan
Scold scolded scolded scolding mencaci / memarahi
Scream screamed screamed screaming menjerit
Seal sealed sealed sealing menyegel
Seduce seduced seduced seducing menggoda/ merayu
See saw seen seeing melihat
Seek sought sought seeking mencari
Seize seized seized seizing menangkap / menyita
Select selected selected selecting memilh
Sell sold sold selling menjual
Send sent sent sending mengirim
Separate separated separated separating memisahkan
Serve served served serving menghidangkan/ melayani
Set set set setting memasang / mengatur
Settle settled settled settling menyelesaikan/ mendiami
Sew sewed sewn sewing menjahit
Shake shook shaken shaking mengocok/meng-gelenggelengkan/ menggoncang
Shape shaped shaped shaping membentuk
Share shared shared sharing bersama-sama (memakai/mendiami/ menanggung)
Shed shed shed Shedding menumpahkan/ meneteskan (air mata)
Shine shone/shined shone/shined shinning memancar/ bersinar
Shoot shot shot shooting menembak/ mencetak (gol)
Shout shouted shouted shouting berteriak
Show showed shown showing memperlihatkan
Shrink shrank shrunk shrinking menyusut
Shut shut shut shutting menutup
Sign signed signed signing menandatangani
Sink sank sunken sinking tenggelam
Sing Sang sung singing menyanyi
Sit sat sat sitting duduk
Serve served served serving melayani
Shout shouted shouted shouting berteriak/menjerit
Slam slammed slammed slamming membanting
Slap slapped slapped slapping membanting
Slay slew slain slaying membunuh
Sleep slept slept sleeping tidur
Slice sliced sliced slicing mengiris
Slip slipped slipped slipping tergelincir
Smell smelt  (smelled) smelt smelling membau
Soak soaked soaked soaking merendam/  basah kuyup
Sort sorted sorted sorting menyortir
Sow sowed sowed/sown sowing menabur
Spank spanked spanked spanking menampar
Speak spoke spoken speaking berbicara
Speed sped sped speeding mempercepat
Spell spelt spelt spelling mengeja
Spend spent spent spending menghabiskan
Spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled spilling menumpahkan
Spin spun spun spinning memutar/ memital
Spit spat  /spit spat spitting meludah
Split split split splitting membelah/ membagi
Spoil spoilt spoilt spoiling merusak/ memanjakan
Spot spotted spotted spotting melihat/ menodai
Spray sprayed sprayed spraying menyemprot
Spread spread spread spreading menyebar/ bentangkan
Spy spied spied spying memata-matai
Stand stood stood standing berdiri
Stare stared stared staring menatap
Start started started starting mulai
State stated stated stating menyatakan
Stay stayed stayed staying tinggal
Steal stole stolen stealing mencuri
Step stepped stepped stepping melangkah
Step back stepped back stepped back mundur
Step forward stepped forward stepped forward melangkah maju
Stick stuck stuck sticking menempel/ menusuk
Sting stung stung stinging menyengat
Stir stirred stirred stirring mengaduk
Stop stopped stopped stopping berhenti
Strike struck struck striking memukul
Strive strove striven striving berusaha
Study studied studied studying belajar
Succeed succeeded succeeded succeeding berhasil
Suck sucked sucked sucking mengisap
Suffer suffered suffered suffering menderita
Suggest suggested suggested suggesting menyarankan
Supply supplied supplied supplying menyediakan / memenuhi
Suppose supposed supposed supposing mengira
Swear swore sworn bersumpah
Sweep swept swept sweeping menyapu
Swim swam swum swimming berenang
Take took taken taking mengambil
Talk talked talked talking berbicara
Taste tasted tasted tasting mencicipi/ merasakan
Teach taught taught teaching mengajar
Tear tore torn tearing merobek
Tell told told telling bercerita
Test tested tested testing menguji
Think thought thought thinking berpikir
Threaten threatened threatened threatening mengancam
Thrill thrilled thrilled thrilling menggetarkan
Throw threw thrown throwing melempar
Tie tied tied tying mengikat
Touch touched touched touching menyentuh
Trace traced traced tracing melacak/ mengikuti jejak / menjiplak
Train trained trained training melatih/ mendidik
Transfer transferred transferred transferring memindahkan
Transmit transmitted transmitted transmitting mengirim
Travel traveled traveled traveling bepergian
Treat treated treated treating memperlakukan/ traktir / merawat / mengobati
Trust trusted trusted mempercayai
Try tried tried trying mencoba/ berusaha
Turn turned turned turning memutar / membalik / memalingkan
Twist twisted twisted twisting memilin / memutar / memutar balikkan
Try tried tried trying mencoba
Type typed typed typing mengetik
Undergo underwent undergone undergoing menjalani/ mengalami
Understand understood understood understanding mengerti/ memahami
Unite united united bersatu/ mempersatukan
Unload unloaded unloaded unloading bongkar muat
Unlock unlocked unlocked membuka kunci
Undertake undertook undertaken undertaking menjalankan
Uplift uplifted uplifted uplifting meninggikan /mengangkat
Urge urged urged mendesak / mendorong
Use used used using menggunakan
Vary varied varied varying berubah-ubah / bermacam-macam
Visit visited visited visiting mengunjungi
Wait for waited for waited for waiting for menunggu
Walk walked walked walking berjalan
Wake up woke up woken up Waking up bangun tidur
Wander wandered wandered wandering mengembara / berkeliling/ keluyuran
Want wanted wanted ingin
Wash washed washed washing mencuci
Watch watched watched watching menonton
Wear wore worn wearing megenakan/ memakai
Weep wept wept weeping menangis
Weigh weighted weighted weighting menimbang
Win won won winning menang
Wind wound wound winding melilit/ menggulung
Withdraw withdrew withdrawn withdrawing menarik/ mengambil
Wonder wondered wondered wondering ingin tau /bertanya-tanya
Work worked worked working bekerja
Wrap wrapped wrapped wrapping membungkus
Write wrote written writing menulis

 

 

 

 

Selamat belajar! Good luck!

 
 

Tags: , , , , ,

Leave a Reply