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Idioms 1

09 May

Come to Red Island Beach        at once!

 

              Ada beberapa ungkapan bahasa Inggris yang jika diterjemahkan kata perkata jadi aneh. Misalnya pada ungkapan berikut ini:  “It`s very clean and beautiful beach. It goes without saying that  a lot of visitors love coming here.”  Ungkapan  “…it goes without saying….” Apa arti sebenarnya? Kalau dipahami kata per kata “goes … pergi; without… tanpa; saying … mengatakan…”  artinya “pergi tanpa ngomong sepatahkatapun…” simple right? Benarkah demikian?  Ternyata tidak!

             Itulah salah satu contoh ungkapan yang disebut idiom.  Idiom gak boleh dipahami kata per kata karena ungkapan itu punya arti tersendiri. Ungkapan “it goes without saying….”  bermakna” sudah barang tentu So, arti sebenarnya menjadi jauh berbeda dengan terjemahan kata perkata.

           Well, Dalam idiom bagian 1 ini, kita akan mempelajari beberapa idoms yang umumnya mewarnai daily conversation atau dalam writing. Di idiom 1 ini juga ditawarkan bentuk alternative latihan yang kalian bisa praktekkan dalam kontek penggunaannya yang riil.   Enjoy it!

 

 

Idioms 1

 

 1.      Bangun get up

I usually get up at 5 am every morning. What about you?

 

 

 

 2.      Sebelumnya … in advance

If you wanna eat in Mahkota restaurant, you should make a reservation in advance.

 

 

  1. 3. Berangkat / mulai … set out 

We should set out on foot for the Black Sand beach tomorrow morning.

 

 

 

 4.      naik/ menaiki  …   get on

 

It`s hard to get on a taxi from that place. You know, it`s very crowded.

 

 

 

5.      turun dari  …   get off

 

Sherly cried as soon as she got off a mini-bus.

 

 

 

6.      hampir / siap mau…   be about to

I was just about to go to bed when you called me last night.

(Aku  baru mau tidur  saat kamu menelponku tadi malam.)

 

 

 

7.      berbalik / berpaling turn around

I turned around and saw a beautiful girl was sitting behind me.

 

 

 

8.      Mengawasi … keep an eye on …

Will you keep an eye on my house while I was away?

 

 

 

9.      Pada awalnya … at first

At first, I thought it was you who had sent me a letter a couple of days ago.

 

 

 

10.  Bingungget mixed up / to be mixed up / mix up

Do you always get mixed up in using English idioms?

 

 

 

11.  Tiba-tiba / mendadak  … all of a sudden

It started out to be a beautiful day. Then, all of a sudden, it began cloudy

 

 

 

12.  Dulu biasa  … used to

When I was in junior high, I used to skip English class.

 

 

 

13. Menemukan/bertemu secara kebetulan …  come across

While cleaning my room last week, I came across an old photograph of my grandma.

 

 

 

14.  Mampir/ singgah  … drop in

Drop in today after class, if you have an opportunity.

 

 

LATIHAN

Langkah-langkah alternative mempraktikkan  idioms 1

 

1. Langkah pertama.

Reading and understanding the plot

 

Bacalah contoh /model teks dibawah ini dan pahami isi dan alur ce ritanya.

 

Contoh Teks Cerita

 

                A couple of days ago Natalia planned to visit Red Island beach. It’s one of beautiful resorts found in Banyuwangi town.  It`s about 50 kilometers from my town. A little bit far from her house. Therefore she had to get up early in the morning to prepare everything in advance.

             She set out for the beach at 7.00 a.m. You know,  she got on a taxi because her motorcycle was broken. At 8.00 a.m. she arrived at red island beach. She got off the taxi right away. So it took about an hour to go there. She was just about to buy the entrance ticket when she heard someone calling her name. She turned around to know who called her. She saw a good-looking boy with the glasses. He kept an eye on her and smiling at her.  At first, she got mixed up who he was. All of a sudden, she remembered that smile. What a surprise! It was Albert.

                  He used to be her close friend in senior high school. It`s so coincidence. Well, it was ten years ago. She was so happy to come across him that day. They talked a lot about their past activities when they were still in high school. They enjoyed the beauty of the beach together almost the whole day. Something that made her fully excited was that Albert decided to drop in to see Natalia`s mom. What a wonderful day!

 

2. Langkah ke dua.

Making any other changes necessary

 

Bacalah kembali cerita di atas namun ganti nama pelaku `Natalia` dengan `We atau I`. Lakukan beberapa penyesuaian pada kata ganti pronounnya. Jadikan ceritanya seolah bagian dari pengalaman kalian sendiri.  Praktikkan langkah 1 dan 2 sampai kalian fully understand. Berganti-gantilah  mempraktikkan dengan nama-nama pelaku yang berbeda misalnya, peran  Natalia diganti dengan Rudy. Coba praktikkan  juga peran Natalia diganti dengan  `we` atau `I` dan sebagainya. Kalau sudah dirasa mampu menguasainya, masuklah pada latihan langkah ke 3.

 

 3.       Langkah ke tiga.  

Imitating

Coba ceritakan kembali pengalaman pergi ke Red Island beach diatas  tanpa melihat/membaca teks.  (orally done without text). Kosakata dalam box dibawah ini merupakan alat bantu menginggat alur cerita  yang benar dan idioms yang wajib kalian praktikkan pada latihan ini. Praktikkan latihan ke 3 ini  berulang-ulang sampai kalian mampu bercerita secara lisan (tanpa melihat /bergantung pada teks lagi).

 

 

visit -  far from – get up – prepare – in advanceset outget on get off - take about –  just about toturn aroundkeep an eye onat firstget mixed upall of a suddenused to – so coincidence – come acrossdrop in -

 

 

Kalau sudah menguasai latihan ke 3 dengan baik, maka kalian boleh mulai melangkah ke latihan ke 4.

 

4. Langkah ke empat.

Free speaking practice.

 

Sekarang ceritakan pengalaman versi kalian sendiri yang mengesankan sewaktu pergi ke suatu tempat (wisata, mall, hiburan dan sebagainya) dengan hanya menggunakan beberapa kata (idiom) yang disediakan dalam box dibawah ini.

Pemakaian idioms tidak harus berurutan seperti pada langkah ke 1, ke 2dan ke 3. Kalian bebas menentukan tema dan idiom mana yang harus digunakan terlebih dahulu dalam cerita. Akan tetapi pastikan kalian mampu menggunakan sebagian besar idioms atau bahkan semuanya dalam cerita pengalaman kalian.

 

 

get upin advanceset outget onget off –  just about toturn aroundkeep an eye onat firstget mixed upall of a suddenused tocome acrossdrop in -

 

 

  1. Keep in mind! Libatkan imaginasi / visualisasi sebaik-baiknya dalam merangkai cerita pengalaman kalian.  Be creative
  2. Mulailah cerita kalian dengan penggalan kalimat berikut ini :

 

                                  A couple of weeks ago I planned to visit….

 

3. You may share your own experience here!  Simple right?  Practice it a lot and you`ll be amazed with your great effort.

 

 

Selamat berlatih ! Good luck!

 
 

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