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Conjunctions

04 Oct

… me or her ?

Pasti kalian sering menyanyikan lagu lagu barat atau Indonesia. Nah,  dalam lirik lagu-lagu yang kalian nyanyikan itu, kalian secara tidak langsung sudah  tahu dan sekali gus mengucapkan beberapa kata-kata hubung  atau `Conjunctions ` dalam Bahasa Inggris. Coba perhatikan dan temukan contoh kata –kata hubung yang dipakai dalam lirik lagu berikut ini. Pasti kalian tahukan  lagu Bruno Mars  `Just the Way You Are`.   

 

 

 

Oh her eyes, her eyes, make the stars look like they’re not shining

Her hair, her hair, falls perfectly without her trying

She’s so beautiful, and I tell her every day

Yeah, I know, I know when I compliment her she won`t believe me

And its so, its so sad to think she don’t see what I see

But every time she asks me do I look okay I say

 

Chorus

 

When I see your face, there’s not a thing that I would change

Cause you’re amazing, just the way you are

And when you smile, the whole world stops and stares for awhile

Cause girl you’re amazing, just the way you are

Her lips, her lips, I could kiss them all day if she’d let me

Her laugh, her laugh, she hates but I think it’s so sexy

She’s so beautiful, and I tell her every day

Oh you know, you know, you know I`d never ask you to change

If perfect is what you’re searching for, then just stay the same

So, don’t even bother asking if you look okay, you know I say

 

Chorus

The way you are, the way you are

Girl you’re amazing Just the way you are

 

 

Sudah kalian temukan? Okay, so, kata-kata yang tercetak miring tersebut dinamakan conjunctions dalam bahasa Inggris atau kata hubung. Kata hubung digunakan ketika kalian  menghubungkan suatu kata, frase atau kalimat dengan yang lainya . Berikut ini beberapa contoh conjunctions dan penggunaanya  dalam bahasa Inggris:

 

After Setelah
Although Meskipun / walaupun
And Dan
As a result of Sebagai akibat dari
As far as Se jauh / sepanjang ; sampai/hingga
As long as Selama ; asalkan
As soon as Segera setelah
Because Karena / sebab
Because of Dikarenakan
Before Sebelum
Besides Selain itu
But Tetapi
Consequently Akibatnya
Despite Meskipun
Even though Walaupun 
Furthermore Lagi pula ; selanjutnya
Hence Karena itu / karenanya
However Akan tetapi
If Jika
In addition Selain itu
In case Kalau-kalau/
In spite of Walaupun
Meanwhile Sementara itu
Moreover Lagipula
Nevertheless Meskipun demikian
Or Atau
Otherwise Jika tidak / sebaliknya
Regardless of … Tanpa menghiraukan/ bagaimanapun juga/ tak peduli
Since Karena / sejak
So Jadi / begitu …
So … that Begitu …. sehingga …
So that Supaya
Therefore Oleh karena itu
Though Meskipun / kendati
Unless Kalau tidak
Until  / till sampai
When Bila / ketika/
Whenever kapanpun
While Saat
Whereas Sedangkan
Yet Namun

 

 

Contoh Conjunctions dalam kalimat

 

-         AFTER

After it is over, never ever have an affair, Okay?

Setelah ini beres, jangan sekali-kali selingkuh lagi, Okay?

 

 

-         ALTHOUGH

Although we live far away from each other, we still keep in touch

Meskipun kami tinggal berjauhan , kami masih berhubungan

 

 

-         AS A RESULT OF

He died as a result of  the car accident.

Dia meninggal sebagai akibat kecelakaan mobil

 

 

-         AS   FAR    AS

As far as I know,

Sepanjang yang aku tahu/ setahuku,

 

Go ahead as far as the corner.

Teruslah jalan sampai di pojok itu.  

 

 

-         AS LONG AS

Keep it as long as you like.

(Simpanlah/pakailah selama kau menghendakinya)

 

Don`t worry! You are safe as long as I am here.

Jangan cemas! Kamu aman selama aku disini

 

You can go with her as long as you behave.

Kamu boleh pergi dengannya asalkan kamu berkelakuan baik

 

We will accept your terms, as long as you accept ours.

Kami akan menerima syarat-syaratmu asalkan kamu menerima syarat-syarat kami

 

 

-         AS SOON AS

Shanty always comes right away as soon as I call.

Begitu aku telpon, Shanty selalu segera datang.

 

As soon as she arrives, I`ll call you.

Segera setelah dia tiba, aku akan menelponmu

           

-         BECAUSE

The landslide occurred because it was raining  all day.

 Tanah longsor terjadi karena hujan  spanjang hari

 

I just stayed home yesterday because I had a headache.

Kemarin aku hanya tinggal di rumah saja karena kepalaku sakit.

 

 

-         BECAUSE OF

The landslide occurred because of  the rain all day.

Tanah longsor terjadi karena hujan spanjang hari

 

I just stayed home yesterday because of  a headache.

Kemarin aku hanya tinggal di rumah saja karena kepalaku sakit.

 

 

 Perhatikan perbedaan penggunaan because dan because of

 

Because  diikuti   Kalimat

 

…   because it was raining  all day.

…  because I had a headache.

 

 

Because of  diikuti    Noun Phrases

 

…    because of  the rain all day.

…    because of  a headache.

 



 

-         BESIDES

Karmila is smart and beautiful as well. Besides, she is good at modern dancing.

Karmila itu pintar dan juga cantik.Selain itu, dia lihai tari modern

 

 

-         BUT

Her laugh, her laugh, she hates but I think it’s so sexy.

He knows only a little English, but he is able to do good business

Play in the garden but not on the road! Okay?

 Bermainlah di kebun tetapi jangan bermain di jalan, ya.

 

 

-         CONSEQUENTLY

Bruno drank too much and consequently became ill.

Bruno minum terlalu banyak dan akibatnya dia sakit

 

 

-         DESPITE / IN SPITE OF

We went on a picnic despite the cool weather.

Kami terus berpiknik meskipun cuacanya dingin

 

Lany wanted to go to the waterfall despite the terrible road.

Lany ingin pergi ke air terjun itu meskipun jalanya jelek.

 

 

-         EVEN THOUGH

We went on a picnic even though the weather was cool.

Kami terus berpiknik meskipun cuacanya dingin

 

Lany wanted to go to the waterfall even thouh  the road was terrible.

Lany ingin pergi ke air terjun itu meskipun jalanya jelek.

 

 Perhatikan perbedaan penggunaan despite dan even though.

 

Despite/ In spite of     diikuti    Noun Phrases

 

 

 …   despite the cool weather.

 

….   despite the terrible road.

 

 

 

Even though   diikuti    Kalimat

 

 

 … even though the weather was cool.

…  even thouh  the road was terrible.

 

 

-         FURTHERMORE

The house isn`t big enough for us, and furthermore it`s too far from the town.

Rumahnya tidak cukup besar untuk kami, dan lagi pula terlalu jauh dari kota.

 

 

-         HENCE

The town was built on the side of a hill; hence the name Hillside.

Kota itu dibangun di sisi sebuah bukit; karenanya namanya Hillside.

 

 

-         HOWEVER

The expensive treatment had been well researched; however it was not very effective.  

Pengobatan mahal tersebut sudah diteliti dengan baik; akan tetapi tidak begitu efektif

 

 

-         IF

You will be late if you don`t hurry.

kamu akan telat kalau kamu  nggak cepat-cepat

 

What will you do if it is fine?

Apa yang akan kamu lakukan jika cuaca cerah?

 

 

-         IN ADDITION TO

In addition to this job, Rina has another one.

Disamping pekerjaan ini,Rina punya pekerjaan lain

 

 

-         IN CASE

Get properly dress in case he comes.

Berpakaianlah yang pantas kalau-kalau dia datang.

 

 

-         IN  SPITE   OF

Liana  still went to school in spite of the rain.

Liana masih saja ke sekolah meskipun hujan

 

 

-         MEANWHILE

Berta  will be here in 10 minutes. Meanwhile, we`ll have some tea.

Berta akan berada di sini sepuluh menit lagi. Sementara itu, kita akan minum teh

 

 

-         MOREOVER

I`m not interested in applying for that job because the pay is not so good; moreover there is no promise for advancement.

Aku tak tertarik melamar pekerjaan itu karena gajinya kecil; lagi pula tidak ada jaminan untuk peningkatan

 

 

-         NEVERTHELESS

I can`t follow your advice. Nevertheless thank you for giving it.

Aku gak bisa mengikuti nasehatmu.  Meskipun demikian trimakasih atas pemberiannya

 

 

-         OR

A place such as Bali or Jakarta or somewhere like that.

suatu tempat seperti Bali atau Jakarta atau dimana saja seperti itu.

 

 

-         OTHERWISE

My mom  knew I still  had enough money for food; otherwise, she would have  given me some.

Ibuku tau aku  masih punya uang yang cukup untuk makan; kalau nggak dia akan memberiku uang

 

 

-         REGARDLESS    OF

I left  for Malang  regardless of the weather.

Aku berangkat menuju Malang tak peduli   keadaan cuacanya (bagaimanapun keadaan cuacanya.)

 

 

-         SINCE

It`s just a week since she left.

Baru seminggu berlalu  sejak dia pergi.

 

Ruth is angry with me since I am not always punctual to come here.

Ruth marah sama aku karena aku tidak selalu datang kemari tepat waktu .

 

 

-         SO

It happened, so forget it.

Itu kan sudah terjadi jadi lupakan saja.

 

 

-         …. SO  … THAT

Ijen crater is so beautiful that we decided to stay there for a couple of days.

Kawah Ijen sangat indah hingga kami putuskan untuk tinggal disana selama dua hari .

 

 

-         SO THAT

My girl- friend didn`t let me know about it so that I got mad.

Pacarku nggak memberitahu masalah ini sehingga aku marah.

 

 

-         THEREFORE

I`ve never been to Singapore and therefore I don`t  know much about it.

Aku nggak pernah ke Singapura karena itu aku nggak tahu banyak soal itu.

 

 

-         THOUGH

Though it`s hard work, I enjoy it.

Walau ini kerjaan yang berat, aku nikmati aja.

 

 

-         UNLESS

I won`t do anything unless you order me to do so.

Aku nggak akan lakukan sesuatu kecuali jika kamu perintahkan.

 

 

-         UNTIL

We won`t start until you come.

Kami nggak akan mulai sampai kamu datang.

 

 

-         WHEN

When you smile, the whole world stops and  stares  for a while.

 Bila kamu tersenyum, seluruh dunia akan berhenti dan menatapmu sejenak.

 

 

-         WHENEVER

Come to my house whenever you are willing to do.

Datang aja ke rumahku kapanpun kamu mau.

 

 

-         WHEREAS

I want a flat, whereas my wife would rather live in a house.

Aku ingin tinggal di suatu apartemen saja sedangkan istriku lebih suka tinggal di suatu rumah

 

 

-         WHILE

While we were watching TV, a bomb exploded.

Bom meledak saat kami nonton TV

 

 

-         YET

It`s a very unpleasant affair. Yet, we can`t change it.

Ini suatu masalah yang nggak menyenangkan. Namun  kita nggak bisa mengubahnya.

 

 

 

Demikian beberapa conjunctions yang bisa kita share kali ini. Dan untuk menguji diri seberapa jauh kalian memahaminya, silakan KLIK  latihan soal conjunctions pada  inggrisonline.net/soal.

 

Selamat Belajar!  Good luck!

 

 

 

 

Source : (An Indonesian- English Dictionary ,John M.Echols dan Hassan Shadily; Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, Paul Procter)

 

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